This course is designed to assist students, through the studies of several themes, to acquire a worthy knowledge of the evolution of the past two hundred years of Church History.
I. Birth of a New Age. Church and State Relationships a. Political evolution and its effects: 1789-1914. Age of revolutions (1789-1801), the divorce; Napoleonic Empire (1801-1815), enforced marriage; Restoration (1815-1848) good-old-time marriage still possible? Pius IX and the European States (1848-1878), the Church forced into freedom; Struggle of the Church (1878-1914) Is separation ‘the’ solution? The “Roman Question”: from temporal power to spiritual freedom. Separatism, a solution to Church and State relationships? b. Political evolution, its effects: 1914-Present Day. Papacy, a ‘voice in the desert’ (1914-1939); The Church, ‘Leaven in the dough’? (1939-today). II. The Church in New Relations with Society. The Social Question III. Church and the Modern World: The Syllabus; Modernism; Gaudium et Spes IV. The Life of the Church in the World. Vatican I. The Missions: From foreign missions to Local Churches: Mission and Colonialism; Birth of the ‘Third Church’. Rebirth in England. Church and Churches: The Ecumenical movement V. A Renewed Church in and for the World. Vatican II. The “changing” reality of the Church: Laity; Clergy. Some “structural” changes: Curia; Canon Law; New forms of presence Conclusion: Evaluation of the period 1789-2014 Learning Outcomes: • Students will gain a good sense of the challenges the Church had to face during this period. • They will identify the different elements of the new awareness the Church acquired about her mission: One Church, in and for the world. • They will discover the origins and development of several questions still very much part of today’s Church. • They will better evaluate the role of Vatican II and its continuing enlightening role in the life of the Church.
Professor’s notes Bibliography: Aubert, R. Edited by.Christian Centuries. Vol. 5. London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1978. Barry, J. Edited by. Readings in Church History. Maryland: Christian Classics, 1985. Bellitto, C.M.The General Councils: A History of the Twenty-One Church Councils from Nicaea to Vatican II, Mahwah: Paulist Press, 2005. Bokenlkotter, Th. A Concise History of the Catholic Church, Fairfield: Rainbow Books, 2004. Comby, J. and D. MacCulloch. How to read Church History. Vol. 2. From the Reformation to the Present Day. New York: Crossroads Publishing, 1999. Duffy, E. Saints and Sinners, Yale: Yale University Press, 1997. Ford, P.L. Europe, 1780-1830. London: Longman, 1989. Hearder, H. Europe in the XIX c. London: Longman, 1988. Jedin, H. History of the Church, vol. 7-10. New York: Crossroads Publishing, 1993. Latourette, K.S. History of the Expansion of Christianity. Vol. 4-7. Charlston: Nabu, 2011. Longman. The General History of Europe. (in the paperback edition: Open University Textbook). Martina, G. La Chiesa nell’età dell’ assulotismo, liberalismo, totalitarismo. Vol. 3-4 Brescia, 1978. Roberts, J. Europe, 1880-1945. London: Longman, 1989.