General Objective: To offer a thorough reading of the history of the Church, from the end of the 7th century until the 15th century.
Course Outlines: 1. Towards a Christian Europe. 2. The “Dark Ages” or a crisis for the birth of a new age? 3. The departing of the first and second Crusades. 4. The Church in Reform. 5. A “Christian” Europe? 6. The Byzantine Church in the Epoch of the Crusades. 7. The Papacy to the test. 8. Christianity in labour. 9. The fall of Byzantium.
Bibliography: Christophe, Paul. 2017. 2000 ans d’Histoire de l’Eglise. Nouvelle édition revue. Paris: Mame-Desclée; Cross, Frank, eds. 2012 The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Third edition edited by Elisabeth Livingstone. London: Oxford University Press; Deanesly, Margaret. 2016. A History of The Medieval Church 590-1500. London: Routledge; Duffy, Eamon. 2015. Saints and Sinners: A History of The Popes. London: Yale University Press; Freitag, Anton. 1963. The Universe Atlas of the Christian World: The Expansion of Christianity Through the Centuries. With the collaboration of Heinrich Emmerich and Jacob Buijs. Hertfordshire: Anthony Clarke Books; Hay, Denys. 1966. Europe In the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. London: Longman; Hindley, Geoffrey. 2004. A Brief History of the Crusades: Islam And Christianity in the Struggle for World Supremacy. London: Robinson; Laitsner, Max. 1957. The Intellectual Heritage of the Early Middle Ages: Selected Essays. New York, Octagon Books; Lawrence, Clifford. 2015. Medieval Monasticism. Fourth edition. London: Routledge; Logan, F. Donald. 2013. A History of The Church in The Middle Ages. London: Routledge; MacCulloch, Diarmaid. 2013. Monks, the Pope, and the Origins of the Crusades: A Selection from Christianity. New York: Penguin Books; Papadakis, Aristeides, and John Meyendorff. 1994. The Christian East and The Rise of The Papacy: The Church 1071-1453 A.D. New York: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press; Ullmann, Walter. 1976. The Papacy and Political Ideas in the Middle Ages. London: Variorum Reprints; Ware, Timothy. 1993. The Orthodox Church. London: Penguin.