To offer a thorough reading of the history of the Church, from the end of the 7th century until the 15th century, through a methodology that allows students to acquire a reliable capacity of reading, inquiring, and synthetizing.
1. The Middle Age. 2. The Iconoclastic Controversy. Political relations between East and West. The progressive separation. The fall of Constantinople. 3. The Charlemagne era. Papacy and alliances. Papal State and theocratic vision. 4. Feudalism and Gregorian Reformation. 5. Celestino V and Bonifacio VIII. The Crusades. 6. The Avignon papacy. The schisms in West and the constitutional crisis of the Church. 7. The missionary endeavour. The “discovery” of new lands. Geopolitics and social changes. The press, the book, the catechisms. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, students are expected to: Know the facts and relevant figures of this eventful period; discover the successes and shortcomings of the evangelization of Europe; appraise the achievements of the 13th century; analyse from different points of view the impact of the Crusades; explain the different development of the Eastern Churches; deal with different historical resources in order to create a critical thinking.
Bernard of Clairvaux. 2004. Five Books on Consideration: Advice to a Pope. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications; Chadwick, Henry. 2003. East and West: The Making of a Rift in The Church: From Apostolic Times Until the Council of Florence, Oxford: Oxford University Press; Deanesly, Margaret. 2016. A History of The Medieval Church 590-1500. London: Routledge; Duchesne, Louis. 2012. The Beginnings of The Temporal Sovereignty of The Popes, A.D. 754-1073, San Bernadino: ULAN Press; Duffy, Eamon. 2015. Saints and Sinners: A History of The Popes. London: Yale University Press; Dvornik, František. 2008. The Photian Schism: History and Legend, New York: Cambridge University Press; Hay, Denys. 1966. Europe In the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. London: Longman; Laitsner, Max. 1983. The Intellectual Heritage of the Early Middle Ages: Selected Essays. Edited by Chester Starr. New York: Octagon Books; Lawrence, Clifford. 2015. Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages. London: Routledge; Logan, F. Donald. 2013. A History of The Church in The Middle Ages. London: Routledge; Moore, Robert. 2005. The Origins of European Dissent, Toronto: University of Toronto Press and the Medieval Academy of America; Mundy, John. 2000. Europe in the High Middle Ages, 1150-1309, London: Longman; Papadakis, Aristeides, and John Meyendorff. 1994. The Christian East and The Rise of The Papacy: The Church 1071-1453 A.D. New York: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press; Tierney, Brian. 2009. The Crisis of Church and State, 1050-1300, Toronto: University of Toronto Press; Ullmann, Walter. 1976. The Papacy and The Political Ideas in The Middle Ages. London: Variorum Reprints; Ware, Timothy. 1993. The Orthodox Church. London: Penguin.