General Objectives: To facilitate knowledge of the concept of virtue and thereby reinforce the conviction that virtues enable a person to freely practice the good. To facilitate the knowledge of the complementary role of human virtues and grace through the study of the Cardinal and Theological virtues which form the basis of Christian moral life.
Course Outlines: Virtues and the Happy Life; Virtue as Habitus leading to Character; Virtues and their specific Christian character; History of Virtue Theory in Moral Theology; Defining virtue; Types of virtues; Theological Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity; Cardinal virtues; Relationship between the Virtues; Virtue Lies in the Middle; Emotions and the Cultivation of Virtue; Friendship; Virtue and Sanctification.
Textbook: Michael Biju. Virtues: The Realization of the Best in You. Roma: LAS, 2021. Bibliography: Catechism of the Catholic Church. 1994. Vatican City: LEV; Cessario, Romanus. 1991. The Moral Virtues and Theological Ethics. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press; Benedict XVI. 2006. Encyclical Letter “Deus Caritas Est” on Christian Love. Vatican City: LEV; Benedict XVI. 2007. Encyclical Letter “Spe Salvi” on Christian Hope. Vatican City: LEV; Ferrero, Michelle. 2004. The Cultivation of Virtue in Matteo Ricci’s “The true meaning of the Lord of Heaven:” Issues for Moral Theology. 2004. Taipei: Fu Jen Catholic University Press; Francis. 2013. Encyclical Letter “Lumen Fidei” on Faith. Vatican City: LEV; Harrington, Daniel, and James Keenan. 2002. Jesus and Virtue Ethics: Building Bridges between New Testament Studies and Moral Theology. Lanham: Sheed and Ward; Harrington, Daniel, and James Keenan. 1010. Paul and Virtue Ethics: Building Bridges between New Testament Studies and Moral Theology. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield; Kotva, Joseph. 1996. The Christian Case for Virtue Ethics. Washington: Georgetown University Press; MacIntyre, Alaisdair. 2007. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. 3rd ed. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press; Melina, Livio. 1001. Sharing in Christ’s Virtues: For a Renewal of Moral Theology in Light of Veritatis Splendor. Washington: The Catholic University of America Press; Pope, Stephen, ed. 2002. The Ethics of Aquinas. Washington: Georgetown University Press; Pieper, Joseph. 2006. The Four Cardinal Virtues: Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, Temperance. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press; Pieper, Joseph. 1997. Faith, Hope, Love. San Francisco: Ignatius Press; Russell, Daniel. 2013. The Cambridge Companion to Virtue Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press; Seasoltz, Kevin. 2012. A Virtuous Church: Catholic Theology, Ethics and Liturgy for the 21st Century. Maryknoll: Orbis Books.
Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, students are expected to: Explain the meaning of virtues in the context of Christian moral life; describe and distinguish the Philosophical and Biblical approaches to virtues; analyse the process and effect of formation of habits; explain the Cardinal virtues and their pervasive influence; delineate the role of the Theological virtues on Christian life; describe the role of virtues in living a good life/moral life.