From Theodicy to Theology; from a Catechetical to a Scientific level. Getting acquainted with the basic vocabulary and tools of the “sacra scientia”. General Objective: Fundamental theology 1. Presentation of Divine revelation as the fundamental historical fact and mystery of Christian faith-hope-love. 2. Critical exposition of “the reasons of credibility and practicability” of the Christian message; 3. ... on the footsteps of the Catholic doctors, in dialogue with the different historical contexts; 4. ... at the school of the Magisterium. Historical-positive documentation: 1. The Biblical evidence: history, contents and institutions of the divine revelation in the Old and New Testament. Man’s response: faith in the Old and New Testament. 2. The Patristic period: Eastern and Western Fathers of the Church on revelation and faith. 3. The Scholastic period: Bonaventure, Thomas, Duns Scot. 4. Doctrines of the Catholic Magisterium in context: Protestant Reformation and Council of Trent; Rationalism, Fideism and Vatican I; the crisis of Modernism; from Vatican II to Benedict XVI. Part two: systematic: 1. From Apologetics to Foundational Theology: “to give reason of the Christian Hope”. 2 Predestination of all human creatures in Christ: being, knowing, acting. 3. Objectivity of the Christian Way: a critical examination of the NT sources: Jesus of history and Christ of faith. 4. Credibility and coherence of the Christian message: Jesus as Mystery, Word, Sign.
From revelation to Christian life (believing, celebrating, living), to theology. - The sources of theology. - Subject and formal object. - Relations between faith and reason. - An ecclesial vocation: theologians and the Magisterium. - Theology as science. - Methods in theology. - Outlines of History of Theology.
DULLES A., The Craft of Theology: From Symbol to System (New York, Crossroads 1995); LATOURELLE R., Theology, science of salvation (New York, St Paul 1969); MIGLIORE D., Faith seeking understanding: An Introduction to Christian Theology (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans 2004); CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF FAITH, Instruction on the ecclesial vocation of the theologian (Vatican City, LEV 1990); DORÉ J. (ed.), Introduction à l’étude de la théologie, 2 volumes (Paris, Desclée 1992); FISHER K.-HART T., Christian Foundation: An Introduction to faith in our time (Mahwah, Paulist Press 1995); FITZMYER J., La Sacra Scrittura anima della teologia (Milano, Gribaudi 1998); John-Paul II. Fides et Ratio (Vatican City, LEV 1998); LENNAN R., Introduction to Catholic Theology (New York, Paulist Press 1998); LONERGAN B., Method in Theology (Toronto, UTP 1990); MCGRATH A., The Science of God: An Introduction to Scientific Theology (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans 2004); NICHOLS A., The Shape of Catholic Theology (Edinburgh, T&T Clark 2000); O’COLLINS G.-KENDALL D. (eds.), The Bible for Theology: Ten Principles for the Theological use of Scripture (New York, Paulist Press 1997); RATZINGER J., The Nature and Mission of Theology (San Francisco, Ignatius Press 1995); SOKOLOWSKI R., The God of Faith and Reason: Foundation of Christian Theology (Washington, CUA 1995); SULLIVAN F., Creative Fidelity: Weighing and Interpreting Documents of the Magisterium. Dublin (Gill and MacMillan 1996); SULLIVAN F., Magisterium: Teaching Authority in the Catholic Church. Eugene (Wipf and Stock 2002). LATOURELLE R., Theology of Revelation (New York, Alba House 1987); DULLES A., Models of Revelation (Dublin, Orbis Books 1992); BENEDICT XVI, Spe salvi (Vatican City, LEV 2007). Bibliography: CONGREGATION FOR THE DOCTRINE OF FAITH, Dominus Iesus (Vatican City, LEV 2000); DAVIS S., Christian Philosophical Theology (Oxford, OUP 2006); DAWES G., The Historical Jesus Question: The Challenge of History to Religious Authority (Louisville, Westminster John Knox Press 2001); DODD C., The Founder of Christianity (London, Collins 1971); DULLES A., The Assurance of Things hoped for (Oxford, OUP 1996); ID., A History of Apologetics (San Francisco, Ignatius Press 2005); DUPUIS J.-NEUNER J., The Christian Faith in the Doctrinal Documents of the Catholic Church (New York, Alba House 2001); KITTEL G.-FRIEDRICH G.-BROMILEY G.W. (eds.) Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, 10 volumes (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans 1964); ID., Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Abridged in one volume (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans 2006); LATOURELLE R.-FISICHELLA R. (eds.), Dictionary of Foundational Theology (New York, Crossroads 2000); RAHNER K., Foundations of Christian Faith: an Introduction to the idea of Christianity (New York, Seabury Press 1978); RATZINGER J., Principles of Catholic Theology: Building stones for a Fundamental theology (San Francisco, Ignatius Press 1989); THEISSEN G.-WINTER D., The Quest for the Plausible Jesus: the Question of Criteria (Louisville, Westminster John Knox 2002); WRIGHT N.T., Christian Origins and the question of God, vol. 1: The New Testament and the people of God (London, SPCK 1999). Method and didactics: 1) The teacher’s handouts and frontal lectures will cover both the positive and systematic areas. 2) The students: complete Latourelle’s chapters and submit a mid/term short paper.